The elephant is the largest animal on dry land, the biggest one ever recorded, was a male specimen in Angola. He had sholders at 4,2 m. (average 3 m.) and a 12 tons body. The females have to carry their child for as long as 22 months, and they deliver huge babies. Elephants are famous for their memory and intelligence, very much unlike my annual brief encounter with the bottled versions. No memory nor intelligence in sight.